Complications during pregnancy are possible and may originate from different causes – internal related
to health condition of the mother and pregnancy itself, and caused by external factors. Some of them
may be prevented and corrected by change in life style. At the first examination, the doctor needs to be
familiar with maternal chronic diseases and possible previous surgeries. It is necessary to check the
pregnancy at least once in every trimester. Besides gynecological and ultrasound examination, it is
necessary to perform basic laboratory analyses, while the specific ones are further planned individually.
Arterial blood pressure is monitored, as well as weight gain. Mothers should be advised on available
vaccines and immunization, and on benefits of physical activities and healthy personalized nutrition.